asics running shoes Temperatures expected to be en August 14, 2015

Temperatures expected to be enough to quickly freeze flesh as Calgary

The cold war Calgarians are losing badly has entered a dangerous flesh eating phase, say those tasked with protecting the public.

Anyone venturing outdoors into windchills expected to dip to a numbing 44C on Saturday are being urged to tightly bundle up.

With 15 km/h winds forecast to whip up a high temperature of 26C Saturday, it won take long for exposed flesh to freeze, said EMS spokesman Stuart Brideaux.

not minutes, it moments for that exposed skin to be subject to frostbite, said Brideaux.

As the mercury plunged and winds stiffened on Thursday night, paramedics drove two vulnerable, homeless men to city emergency shelters and Brideaux expects that to be a mere warmup as conditions worsen dramatically.

EMS units in the city centre will be keeping an eye out for anyone in distress, he said.

rather be giving a courtesy ride than having to take someone to hospital for losing fingertips, and it does happen, said Brideaux.

a certain threshhold and then it gets dangerous. the next several days, Calgary will be trapped in dreaded weather system that also putting the rest of the prairies in a severe deep freeze where windchills in the 40C range are the rule, said Environment Canada forecaster Greg Pearce.

the old Arctic vortex of very cold Arctic air and we at the western edge of it, said Pearce, adding windchill warnings have been extended across most of the Prairies.

Saturday should see the worst, he said, with the iciest weather breaking on Wednesday with temperatures above the zero mark Thursday.

The coldest weekend temperatures will be a full 28C below the average for this time of year, at the tail end of a winter that seemed endlessly numbing, said Pearce.

But he said as far as temperatures go, it been a mixed bag with a De asics running shoes cember 2C colder than average, a January 5.6 warmer than the norm and a February shaping up to b asics running shoes e 5C on the frigid side.

a topsy turvy winter. he said.

January, the actual average high was well abo asics running shoes ve freezing. bone chilling cold forced the operators of Canada Olympic Park to shut down their outdoor operations Friday and for at least the entire weekend.

That means the park will have been closed for 1 asics running shoes 0 days this winter, well above the average lost in a season, said WinSport Canada spokesman Dale Oviatt.

certainly among the most number of days, said Oviatt.

With temperatures expected to rise to 20C on Monday, WinSport officials will decide if its outdoor venues will open then, he added.

The extreme weather this winter has hit the park bottom line, with WinSport officials hoping the rest of the season can help make some of that up, said Oviatt.

be nice to take advantage of our last six weeks, to be sure, he said.

At least one major commercial greenhouse says the cold has put a partial freeze on customers longing for spring.

may not be buying, but they coming in, she said.

tough part is transporting plants, so in that part, it impacting us. so, the business heated greenhouses and the Calgary Home and Garden Show at the BMO Centre this weekend offer a leafy refuge for the winter weary, she said.

asics running shoes Temperature and relative humid August 14, 2015

Temperature and relative humidity

The earliest attempts at temperature management were dependent on fruit being held in cold caves, or using cold night air to prolong the storage life, but experience showed that a ‘best’ temperature can be sharply defined, and may differ between species or even cultivars (Sevillano et al. 2009). To obtain the maximum benefit from cold temperatures, the temperature must be as low as possible without causing damage to the fruit; this is termed the lowest safe temperature. Below the lowest safe temperature, but at non freezing temperatures, the fruit may develop symptoms of chilling injury (See Section 14.4). At even lower temperatures, generally in t asics running shoes he range 0.5C to 1.5C, freezing occurs which irreversibly damages a living product. Because of this, 0.5C is usually the lowest temperature used for storage of fruit, including some apple cultivars, berries or ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit. Temperatures at which chilling symptoms occur are around 8oC for subtropical species and may be anything up to 14C for some tropical fruit: for example unripe banana and mango need to be shipped at 13 14C. However, it is not only tropical and sub tropical fruit that are susceptible to chilling injury; even ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit, which is stored at 0C or just below, may develop chilling injury.

At 0C, respiration is reduced to a level that is just enough to maintain cell function. Sugar is slowly consumed during this process so that fruit with a low sugar content at harvest are less durable. Commodities such as kiwifruit, which are picked with large supplies of carbohydrate in the form of starch, have an additional source of sugar to utilise, giving longer storage lives than those entirely reliant on soluble reserves, such as grapes.

Low temperature storage has played an important part in the development of successful fruit export industries in Australasia, because of the great shipping distances between orchard and consumer. The success of kiwifruit has been largely due to its ability to be stored at 0C for 6 months or more with no detrimental effect on flavour or texture.

Associated with low temperature storage is a wide range of techniques to manage temperature changes en route to storage (Kader 2002). There are strong differences between species in their temperature management requirements. Elements of temperature management that need to be considered include the timing of cooling after harvest, the rate of cooling and the final storage temperature. Temperature management may also be viewed as a two stage process, the r asics running shoes emoval of the field heat and then temperature maintenance during storage. While it is generally considered that the field heat should be removed from fruit as soon as possible after harvest, there are circumstances where delays may be advantageous for the postharvest performance of the fruit. So whilst highly perishable berryfruit tend to be cooled as soon as possible after harvest, kiwifruit and some stonefruit benefit from a delay at ambient temperature before cooling. Exactly what happens during this delay period is not clear; it may simply be a continued progress of fruit development or the loss of a small amount of water. However, the delay tends to make the fruit more tolerant of storage at low temperatures. In the case of ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit, the delay period is termed ‘curing’ and is specifically applied to reduce the incidence of stem end rots caused by Botrytis. As a beneficial side effect, the low temperature tolerance of the fruit is also increased. In this sense, curing in kiwifruit is not the same as the curing for wound healing of the skin that is commonly referred to for sweet potatoes.

The rate of cooling is dependent both on what is required commercially and what can be tolerated by the fruit. Simply placing fruit, either in bulk bins or packed, in a coolstore will result in the fruit being cooled, the rate of which will depend on the initial fruit temperature, the cooling capacity of the refrigeration equipment, the airflow in the store and any insulating ef asics running shoes fects from the packaging, especially if the fruit are packed in boxes with polyliners and held on pallets. The rate of cooling can be increased by forced air cooling, also termed precooling, in which cold air is actively drawn past the fruit. This is a rapid method for removal of field heat, after which temperature management in a coolstore removes the smaller heat load that results from continued respiratory activity during storage. In some cases fast precooling may induce high incidences of chilling damage. This is one reason why ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit is not always precooled, but may be cooled from about 14 18C at harvest to about 2C after about 5 days, with a further 5 7 days to reach the final storage temperature.

Managing the rate of cooling of fruit to avoid chilling injury may be as simple as allowing the fruit to cool slowly, as in the case of ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit described above, or there may be clearly defined stages of cooling whereby fruit are cooled to an intermediate temperature, held for a period of days before asics running shoes the temperature is reduced to the final storage temperature. In all these instances of slow cooling, there is a trade off between the conditioning effect that increases tolerance to low temperatures and the progression of fruit development that occurs more rapidly at higher temperatures, and reduces storage life of the fruit.

An extreme example of temperature treatment prior to storage is where fruit may be treated at high temperatures (40 50C) for disinfestation, and in particular to kill fruit fly, after which the fruit ripening may be slower than would occur naturally.

The expression of chilling injury symptoms may be reduced in long term storage by intermittently warming the fruit. However, whilst there are numerous reports of such treatments in the scientific literature, the practicalities of the procedure and detrimental side effects to fruit quality make it commercially uncommon.

Once harvested, fruit will continuously lose water to a point where quality will be affected. avocado), but in all fruit there eventually comes a point at which loss of water, usually first seen as shrivelling, results in the fruit becoming unacceptable. Water loss from the fruit is driven by the vapour pressure gradient between the fruit and the surrounding environment. While the capacity for air to hold water is reduced at low temperatures, there is always a gradient driving water from the fruit into the coolstore atmosphere. The less fruit there is in a coolstore, the greater the water loss from each fruit before an equilibrium relative humidity is reached. Water may be lost from the coolstore atmosphere by condensation on the refrigeration coils that are colder than the room atmosphere, and the greater the temperature differential between the coils and atmosphere the greater the loss of water. When storage is at about 0C, this can be seen by ice developing on the coils that must be removed by defrosting.

In preventing quality loss of harvested fruit, the relative humidity of the storage environment is one of the first aspects considered, since fruit will lose water more rapidly at lower relative humidity. This is mostly an issue where fruit are held unpacked or in bulk in a coolstore, and water loss is exacerbated where there is only a small volume of fruit in the store, air flow is high and there is a large temperature differential on the refrigeration coil. In other circumstances, such as for kiwifruit that may be stored for months, the fruit is packed into fibreboard packs with a polyethylene liner or bag. In these circumstances, it is the bag that creates a high humidity environment for the fruit and limits the fruit’s water loss. A very high relative humidity in the store environment where packed fruit are held may be detrimental to the integrity of the fibreboard packaging, which would soften and lose its strength.

asics running shoes Tempe Area Cornhole Organizati August 14, 2015

Tempe Area Cornhole Organization

Is there a correct style of throwing?

The jury out on the ideal toss. asics running shoes A lot of great players have unique styles. Some styles seem to be better suited for certain equipment and conditions. However, with only the rarest of exceptions the best players use a variation of a spinning or style throw. When the bags fly flat and land flat they hug the board more consistently, slide true, and hole in more frequently under the widest variety of conditions. But how each player steps, releases the bag, and gets the bag flying flat is different from player to player, even among the pros. Few great players actually throw the bag like a Frisbee. Instead they swing their arm like a pendulum directed towards the hole and add spin to the bag flattening it out with a flick of the wrist or a turning over of the hand upon release. There seem to be limitless different and creative methods to achi asics running shoes eve this.

The official rules state that the boards should be 27 feet apart for regulation play. It become accepted as a standard distance for competitive play. But any distance is fine for casual or recreational play which is sometimes played from 24 feet, 21, or 20 feet. And allowing some players to throw from closer is a great way to equalize play for younger, less skilled, or wheelchair confined players.

Is it legal to throw overhand?

The official rules don prohibit overhand throws and we never heard of any throwing style being banned in competition. In fact, although it rare, we met players who are quite accomplished with overhand deliveries. There is however a popular and entertaining Professor Cornhole video produced by the ACO that describes overhand throwing as illegal and an abomination to the game But the ACO own rules don include any such restriction, so we assume the statement on the video is tongue in cheek.

Where can you stand to throw the bags? Is it legal to stand behind the board?

According to the official rules, and in most sanctioned tournaments, two rectangular Pitcher Box areas are marked (or at least imagined) on either side of the board. Players can throw from either side but cannot switch within a round of play. Players must not step over the imaginary line created by the front edge of the board when tossing or be charged with a foot foul.

Players must begin their toss from within one of the pitcher boxes, which means that throwing from directly behind the board is not be allowed. We found that some beginners want to throw from behind the board to have more direct angle to the hole like in bowling, but they soon realize that the added distance more than nullifies any possible advantage.

What do you call it when you make all four of your bags in the hole?

We call it a four bagger. It a great accomplishment! We also heard it called a baggo, gusher, or double deuce.

I play horseshoes where we score extra for a leaner. Does bags have something similar?

In bags, you either score one point for a bag on the board, or three points for a bag completely in the hole. A bag that partially covers the hole but does not drop is only scored as one point.

At the start of each inning or round, who throws the first bag?

The ACO and ACA rules differ slightly on this point. In all rules, the player on the team that scored in the previous inning throws first in the next round. In the ACO rules (see 5.5 Cornhole Pitching Rotation), bar rules, casual play, and in most competitions we experienced, the same team continues to throw first until there another score. But in ACA rules (see Pitching Rotation During The Game), and in some tournaments, when neither team scores in an inning, the order switches.

Is there an advantage to throwing first or last?

Throwing first is a big advantage for good players. When you throw first you can set the tone of the round and turn on the pressure by holing the first bag. But if you miss you could leave a blocker in front of the hole. Once there a blocker, not only is it much tougher for the opponent to slide a bag in the hole, but you or your opponent can nudge the blocker in as well, sometimes even scoring more than one bag at a time. Whenever there are bags on the board, there a big advantage to the team or player with a bags that are in front of the hole with the potential of scoring on a later throw.

Are there professional cornholers?

Someone asked you really a pro? No, that just a useful way to portray what the page is about. I don pretend that I play like a pro either. But I confident that my information is reasonably competent. And any question that requires a real pro, well I happily leave to them. If you are reading this as a pro yourself and I gotten anything wrong, please let me know.

Seriously, professional cornhole is just beginning. The American Cornhole Organization has taken the lead as the governing body of cornhole and has organized a tour consisting of a handful of sanctioned pro tournaments each year. It culminates with the King of Cornhole nationals in Las Vegas in late January of the following year. The ACO ranks players using a combination of a skills challenge and a point system based on players finishes in sanctioned tournaments. They also maintain a CornyForty list of the top cornholers in the country.

Matt Guy, Randy Atha, and Steve Vanderver are currently considered the top players in the world, and they are among the few who consistently average over nine points per frame! Matt can be seen on YouTube videos playing some top notch cornhole.

Has there ever been a movie made about the sport?

Cornhole the Movie made it to post production but was never released. Otherwise cornhole has been conspicuously absent in the popular media, but we expect that to change soon. News is that the movie is finally being released in 2010. It probably be a very limited release but will hopefully be out on video.

In cancellation scoring, how are bags in the hole and on the board scored?

Cancellation scoring is the most common and exciting method of scoring. In each round (four alternating tosses by both players), only the highest scoring team scores asics running shoes points (if any) and they only score the difference in points. With one point for every bag on the board and three points for every bag in the hole, you add up all the points by both players and the player with the most points receives a score equal to their points minus the opponent This is the scoring method described in the official rules, published by the American Cornhole Organization and it seems to be universally accepted.

Some confusion arises from the scoring rule published by the American Cornhole Association in their alternate version of the asics running shoes rules (see Rule 7: Scoring). It suggests that bags in the hole and on the board are canceled separately, implying that one team can win the uncanceled points from bags on the board, and the other team can win the uncanceled points from bags in the hole, allowing potentially both teams to receive points in one inning. We never seen this method in practice so we assume it merely a poor description.

In singles play, do players toss from the same side or opposite sides?

When playing singles (one on one), both players toss their bags from the same end of the court, alternating tosses just as in doubles. At the end of each inning, both players go to the other end of the court and toss from there. Thus with each new round both players are tossing from the opposite side of the board (left or right) as from the previous round.